Monday, January 01, 2007

:: Saddam Digantung

:: 30.12.2006: Diberitakan yang Saddam Hussein, mantan Presiden Iraq dihukum gantung dibumi kelahirannya sendiri demi mempertahankan maruah bangsanya serta berjuang menentang kuasa besar lain.
Sejarah: Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (April 28 1937 - December 30 2006) was the President of Iraq from July 16, 1979, until April 9, 2003.
As Vice President under his cousin, General Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr, Saddam tightly controlled conflict between the government and the armed forces by creating repressive his own authority over the apparatus of government.
Saddam, led the Iraq as head of the Ba'ath Party, kept the country unified, practiced one-party rule, cencorship, instigated violence against Iraq's Shia, Kurdish and Marsh Arab populations. He also espoused secular pan-Arabism, economic modenization and Arab socialism.
Saddam tried to build Iraq into a regional power. Under Saddam, Iraq fought Iran (1980-1988) and invaded Kuwait in 1990 leading to the Gulf War in 1991. Suspicion among US and UK government members (in a political climate affected by 9 September) that Saddam was attempting to build weapons of mass destruction ultimately led to his downfall. Saddam's government collapsed as a result of the 2003 invation of Iraq led by the United States, and he was captured by American forces on December 13, 2003. On November 5, 2006, he was convicted of crimes against humanity by the Iraq Special Tribunal and was sentenced to death by hanging.
On December 26, Saddam's appeal was rejected and the death sentences upheld. He was hanged infront of lawyers, officials and a doctor at approximately 06:00 Baghdad time on December 30, 2006, according to Iraqi television.